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March 13, 2013


1.Individuals are determined in their psychology, to a great degree, by the social structure around them.

2.Technology has driven collective human history.*

3.Changes caused by technology change social structure and individuals’ relationship with it.

4.Part of Man’s psychology as individual, which is determined also by social structure, experiences changes over the course of history as social structure itself changes.

5.Societies that are somehow behind in technologically are also different in terms of the psychology of individuals.

6.Because this is not understood, even today, it is not applied formally-methodologically-towards understanding the problems people have in industrial society, because it is not really understood what those changes have really consisted of; and the further change or evolution now, in consumer society, cannot be understood, either.

7.Phenomena, following only an empirical, “scientific method” vision, are isolated and understood usually only intrinsically; but the complete-and useful-human significance of those phenomena only appears when they are inter-related and understood in a broader structural sense. As is often the case, individuals-and even scientists-mistake appearance and co-appearance of phenomena for a kind of integral equivalency between them, often ignoring different structural relationships that in fact may relate what appear as isolated occurrences. In order to facilitate this higher form of understanding the individual observer must have some sort of clearly defined ideology behind his or her vision of reality; in regards to scientists, scholars and thinkers, this ideology is called “theory” or “theoretical methodology”

8.US academia has suffered historically in this sense because of the demonizing in society of Marxist thought; at one time higher academic institutions were able to resist this, but during the 1950s and onward, there was a clear rejection on a part of US academia itself of the historical vision of Marx of human societies as being subject to technology; this, coupled with the political value and favor given to “de-theorized” technical research by de facto powers, led to the gradual disappearance of significant humanistic inquiry altogether, in favor of the production of technical research directed towards the creation of exploitable technology; the death knell, in this sense, for humanistic inquiry in US academia-and for the intellectual dignity of society itself-came with the Nixon administration and the Powell Manifesto, in which is proposed-most sinisterly-the cleansing of US society itself of the last remaining elements of academic-and even popular-liberal, humanistic thought. The social consolidation a“de-theorized” technical scientific production through information technology, intensified this drive away from intellectually complex, structural thought; and the already mentioned favor bestowed by the Military-technological-financial complex on purely technical advances, dragged down everything else with it.

9.Individuals as living, cognizant organisms relate, in their psychology, to reality in the same basic way, regardless of what culture or society they form part of; but it also true that different societies or social structures affect the individual’s psychology differently; it is therefore necessary to distinguish between the individual’s primary psychology (which is the same all around the world and at all times in human history) from that part of the individual’s psychology that is historically, culturally and socially determined. To my knowledge, there does not exist a clearly defined way to distinguish between these two different objects of study. But it is clearly necessitated; or at least I certainly need it.


*What really drives technology? Answer: human need and rationality, which ultimately are the true motors, then, of human history itself.

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